Non-availability of non-agricultural land and transmission lines are the main obstacle of building solar power plant

[Source: Prothom Al0] The power generation in the country is now more than 20 thousand megawatts. In this ratio, 2,000 megawatts of electricity is expected to be generated from renewable energy. But now the generating capacity of the solar power plant is only 63 MW.

There are 20 MW in Teknaf, 25 MW in Raozan, 3 MW in Sarishabari of Jamalpur, 6 MW in Panchagarh and 8 MW in Kaptai. These centers have come into production in the last few years.

Since 2010, the Ministry of Power has estimated the construction of more than 40 renewable energy plants. Now the permission of 23 centers is valid. Permission was revoked as the rest could not work on time. Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) have been signed with 11 renewable energy plants.

The demand for electricity in the country is met by installing solar home systems in homes and offices. As per the Sustainable and Renewable Energy Development Authority (SREDA), Bangladesh has about 5.6 million solar power or solar home systems. About 400 MW of electricity comes from this.

It is almost certain that two new solar power plants will come into production this year. A government Northwest Power Generation Company Limited (NWPGCL) 8.5 MW plant. It was built on the banks of the river Jamuna in Sirajganj. The center could come into production next month. Another in Mymensingh, with a generating capacity of 50 MW. IFDC Solar Power Plant is being constructed by Bangladeshi company in a joint venture with Malaysia-based Detrolic Solar. Its construction is also in the final stages.

Two solar power plants under construction at Mongla in Bagerhat and Sonagazi in Feni, with a generating capacity of 100 MW, could come into production by next year. Monglar is being built by Energon Technologies of the United Arab Emirates and China Sanerji Company Limited. The Feni solar power plant is being built by Metito Utilities of the United Arab Emirates, Ginkgo Power Technology of China and Al Jomaiya Energy and Water Company of Saudi Arabia.

Construction of two 100-megawatt solar power plants at Sirajganj in Sirajganj and a 75-megawatt solar power plant on the banks of the Padma River at Ramkantpur in Pabna’s Sujanagar, a joint venture between Northwest Power Generation and Chinese state-owned company CMC, has come a long way.

Meanwhile, Northwest and CMC have taken initiative to build a 200 MW wind power plant at Payra in Patuakhali. Feasibility study has been completed for this. According to the power department, the average wind speed required for a wind power plant is 2.5 meters per second. It was found more than 4 meters in the pigeon. Northwest and CMC want to complete the construction of the Pigeon wind power plant by next year.

Power department officials say the lack of land is a major problem in setting up solar power plants. One megawatt of solar power generation requires the installation of solar panels on roughly three acres of land. The government does not allow the establishment of solar power plants on agricultural land. It is difficult to find large amount of fallow land in the country.

Although land is available, another problem of solar power is power transmission. If you want to build a solar power plant in a char or remote area, you have to build a long line for transmission. It costs a lot more. As a result, solar power plants are not financially viable everywhere.

Another problem is that the solar power plant shuts off the power supply after five in the afternoon. The solution is to keep alternative supply systems. The problem is that due to the lack of modernization of the circulation system in Bangladesh, it often becomes very difficult.

However, the advantage of solar power is that if a private power plant is set up in Bangladesh, the government will not have to pay huge amount of money for the capacity charge. According to the Bangladesh Energy Regulatory Commission (BERC), the government has leased about Tk 61,000 crore to private power plants in the last six fiscal years.

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